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2021

ANUÁRIO DO HOSPITAL
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Sulfite oxidase deficiency - An unusual late and mild presentation

Susana Rocha1, Ana Cristina Ferreira2, Ana Isabel Dias1, José Pedro Vieira1, Sílvia Sequeira2

1- Serviço de Neurologia Pediátrica, 2- Unidade de Doenças Metabólicas, Hospital Dona Estefânia, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Central EPE, Lisboa

Brain Dev. 2013 Feb 26. pii: S0387-7604(13)00075-2. doi:10.1016/j.braindev.2013.01.013. [Epub ahead of print]

Introduction: Sulfite oxidase deficiency (SOD) is an autosomal recessive inherited disease usually presenting in the neonatal period with severe neurological symptoms including seizures, often refractory to anticonvulsant therapy, and a rapidly progressive encephalopathy resembling neonatal hypoxic ischemia, with premature death. Most patients develop dislocated ocular lenses. Later or milder presentations of SOD are being reported with increasing frequency. These presentations include neurological regression with loss of previously acquired milestones or movement disorders.
Case report: We report a four years old girl presenting with intermittent ataxia and uncoordinated limb movements. A similar episode of ataxia had occurred previously, one year before, with complete neurologic recovery and normal developmental milestones. Bilateral lens dislocation had been recently diagnosed. Cranial MRI demonstrated bilateral globuspallidus enhancement. Low homocysteine was found in plasma and SulfitestR was positive. Further investigations led to confirmation of isolated sulfite oxidase deficiency with no enzyme activity detected on skin fibroblasts culture.
Discussion: This case illustrates the clinical variability of SOD and it is not only atypical but also seems to be the mildest form described so far. The association of ectopialentis with a movement disorder, even without psychomotor regression, should prompt us to look for this diagnosis.

Keywords: Sulfite oxidase deficiency, late presentation,